
Enriques’ biography
Federigo Enriques (Livorno 1871  Roma 1946) was an eminent
mathematician, a philosopher, an epistemologist, an historian of science, an
expert of didactics. He was a leading member of the Italian school of Algebraic
Geometry, founded by Luigi Cremona (1830  1903). With Guido Castenuovo (1865 
1952), he accomplished the birrational classification of algebraic surfaces and
studied important properties of higher dimensional varieties. In 1896, he became
full professor of Geometria Proiettiva and Geometria Superiore at the University
of Bologna, and he moved to the University of Rome in 1922. In 1938 he was
dismissed as a Professor after the promulgation of the ratial laws. He was then
reintegrated in 1944. He was director of the Mathematical Area of the Italian
Encyclopedia (Enciclopedia Italiana) (1925  1937) and a member (Socio
Nazionale) of the Accademia dei Lincei (1925  1938, 1945). He was a leading
character in creating and running scientific and didactic journals and
institutions: at the begining of 1900, he was the President of the newborne
Società Filosofica Italiana; he founded with Eugenio Rignano (1870  1930), and
directed since 1907 to 1915 the journal Rivista di Scienza (afterwards called Scientia);
he organized the International Congress of Phylosophy in Bologna (1911). In 1919
he became the President of the mathematical society Mathesis. He contributed
with foundamental papers in any area of knowledge in which he worked: the
complete list
of papers by Federigo Enriques can be consulted on this website.
Among his sudents we mention: U. Amaldi (1875  1957), O. Chisini
(1889  1967), L. Campedelli
(1903  1978), F. Conforto
(1909  1954), G. Franchetta (n. 1917), M. Pompilj
(1913  1968).
For a concise but complete biography of Federigo Enriques, see
G. Israel, Enriques Federigo, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Vol. XLII,
Ottobre 1993, Roma, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana. Also
the
commemoration at the Accademia dei Lincei by G. Castelnuovo
contains interesting biographical notes. See also other references in
Documents.
 